The Boolean operators (named after 19th-century logician George Boole) are AND, OR, and NOT.
|cat AND dog||This retrieves items that have the word cat and the word dog.|
|cat OR dog||This retrieves items that have the word cat or the word dog.|
|cat NOT dog||This retrieves items that have the word cat but not the word dog. Use this with caution.|
Boolean operators can be grouped with parentheses:
(cat OR feline) AND (dog OR canine)
Note: Most search engines do not require that Boolean operators be written in capital letters. However, a few do, including Quick Find. If in doubt, capitalize.
Truncation is used to retrieve items having various forms of words. It is especially useful for finding singular and plural forms of nouns.
In most database search engines, and in Quick Find, the truncation symbol is the asterisk ( * ).
addict* This retrieves items that have addict, addicts, addicted, addiction, addictive, addictiveness, etc.
Phrases are sequences of words that appear together in the order specified. Use quotation marks ( " . . . " ) to indicate phrases.
"social work" This retrieves items having this phrase, but not items in which social appears somewhere and work appears somewhere else, but not next to each other in that order.
Most search engines allow you to use phrases and truncation simultaneously.
"social work*" This retrieves the phrases social work, social worker, social workers, etc.