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Citing Elders and Knowledge Keepers

Citing sources (books, journal articles, people, etc.) is  very important when you are conducting research and writing a paper.  If you are quoting someone then you need to let the reader know where the information came from.  It is particularly important if you have spoken with an Elder or Knowledge Keeper and have their permission to cite or quote them.  Lorisia McLeod, a First Nations Librarian at Norquest College in Edmonton, AB has developed two templates for citing Elders and Knowledge Keepers as in-text citations in APA and MLA formats.  While these in-text citations are not officially recognized by APA and MLA, students, instructors, and researchers are encouraged to follow the templates.